Elizabeth City is on a sharp bend of North Carolina's Pasquotank River, just below the U.S. 158 bascule bridge. It's the major port on the Dismal Swamp Canal route and about 20 miles from the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway in Albemarle Sound.
In the Pasquotank River "red, right, returning" refers to the river channel, so red markers are east of the channel, green to the west. A huge World War II-era blimp hangar stands on the western shore downriver of the city.
At Mariners' Wharf, which is swept by strong crosscurrents, the tidal range is 6 feet. Boats often raft along the seawalls or at nearby private docks. Boaters can anchor in the Pasquotank and dinghy in to Mariners' Wharf and the free dinghy dock. Hull, engine and prop repairs and service, sail repairs and canvas work are available locally.
Just upriver of Elizabeth City, the U.S. 158 bridge (closed clearance 2 feet) opens on demand - (252) 331-4772, VHF channel 13 - except during weekday rush hours. Morning rush-hour openings are at 7:30 and 8:30, and afternoon openings are at 4:30 and 5:30.
Dismal Swamp Canal locks at South Mills, N.C., and Deep Creek, Va., normally open at 8:30 and 11 a.m., and 1:30 and 3:30 p.m. Each lockmaster also operates the adjacent bridge. Boaters entering the canal lock through before those leaving it.
Although the canal is marked, maintained and reportedly dredged to 6 feet, boaters are warned to watch for deadheads, debris and shoals. Penny Leary-Smith, who continually lobbies the government to keep the canal open and dredged for recreational boaters, and her staff at the Dismal Swamp Canal Welcome Center have the latest information. Adjacent is 150 feet of free dockage with 6-foot depths alongside (rafting allowed), water, restrooms and a picnic area.
The new pedestrian swing pontoon bridge across the canal to Dismal Swamp State Park's facilities opens on demand for boats.
NOAA chart 12206 SC, Norfolk to Albemarle Sound via North Landing River, or Great Dismal Swamp Canal, includes the canal, Pasquotank River, Elizabeth City and approaches.
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This article originally appeared in the April 2011 issue.