First Aid - What to stock in your medical kit
Posted on 08 January 2009
Written by Dr. Michael Jacobs
Page 2 of 2
Trauma supplies are the major components of any ship’s medical kit. After seasickness, wounds are the most common medical problem. While closing a wound may be considered optional, cleaning and properly dressing it is not. All oceans, bays, rivers, and lakes are contaminated by a variety of infectious microorganisms; they often cause serious infections because of improper wound treatment.
Wound-care supplies should include nitrile gloves, lidocaine anesthetic wipes, povidone-iodine for making an irrigating solution, a 20cc syringe for irrigation, tincture of benzoin swabs, and wound-closure strips. There should be a variety of waterproof adhesive bandages, assorted sterile and non-sterile gauze pads, non-adherent dressings, conforming gauze bandages, self-adhering elastic bandages, and waterproof tape. Small tweezers are helpful for splinter and tick removal and can be useful in removing debris from a wound. Burns from hot liquids are best treated with watergel burn dressings.
Fractures and sprains are common and are best stabilized with a foam-padded aluminum SAM splint, which can be molded to fit any section of an extremity. A compression elastic bandage holds the splint in place. Small splints are designed for broken fingers and toes, a common injury aboard boats. Splinting reduces pain and prevents further injury to the surrounding nerves, blood vessels and muscles.
The ship’s medical kit can be expanded, depending on specific activities during the trip. For example, if you expect to spend time snorkeling or scuba diving, consider adding some irrigating solution for swimmer’s ear and ear canal drying solution.
If you are within 12 hours of medical care, it isn’t necessary to stock oral antibiotics. It is often convenient, however, if you have some on board to begin treatment for a variety of uncomplicated infections, providing you know when to use them.
A CPR face shield belongs in every marine kit. It facilitates effective resuscitation of a drowning victim and may protect the rescuer from some contagious diseases. Be sure to take an up-to-date course in resuscitation; drowning remains the leading cause of death among boaters.
When bringing personal prescription medications, choose medications that will not increase your sensitivity to the sun, and know which ones can withstand extremes in temperature. It often makes sense to purchase a kit “off the shelf” and supplement the contents as you wish. Perhaps most importantly, know how to use the medical supplies you bring.
This story originally appeared in the January 2009 issue.