In 2020, 415,000 first-time boat owners got on the water, which means this Memorial Day weekend the waters are probably going to be more crowded than ever.
So, vigilance and preparation will be key.
Here are 12 boating safety tips from the Water Sport Foundation as the 2021 boating season kicks into high gear. There are lessons and reminders here for everyone, including the old salts.
Number 1 - Education & Essential Equipment
Before launching your boat, be sure you are confident and comfortable at the helm, following successful completion of a boating safety education course. If you haven’t already done so, enroll in a boating class taught by qualified and certified boating safety instructors, preferably with curriculum that meets approved American National Standard for on-water skills training.
There are many live, virtual and hybrid boating safety education classes available through the U.S. Coast Guard auxiliary, Power Squadron/America’s Boating Club and any number of private boating education providers. For a list of educational resources, check out the National Boating Safety Media Resource Center: Boating Safety Education – Water Sports Foundation.
Besides safe boating operation, make sure you are familiar with the operating instructions of your vessel. Check your equipment prior to departure to ensure all are in proper working condition. Make sure you are competent to operate a VHF radio, and if possible, an EPIRB or personal locator beacon.
Number 2—Life Jackets Save Lives—Wear Them!
It’s a fact: drowning is the cause of death in 79 percent of fatal boating accidents where the cause of death was known; 86 percent of those drowning victims were not wearing life jackets.
Make sure your boat is equipped with U.S. Coast Guard approved life jackets for all passengers and that they are sized to fit. There are many attractive styles and designs now available for different types of boating activities. Check your state law for mandates regarding life jacket usage and age requirements for children.
Number 3—Don’t Drink and Drive!
When you mix sun, wind, water and waves with alcohol, you create a dangerous situation that can lead to disaster. According to U.S. Coast Guard reports, alcohol use is the leading known contributing factor in fatal boating accidents; where the primary cause was known, it was listed as the leading factor in 23% of deaths.
For the safety of your friends and family, we recommend avoiding alcohol altogether while boating.
Number 4—Engage the ECOS!
As of April 1, 2021, a federal law was enacted that requires the use of an engine cut off switch (ECOS), an onboard safety device that is connected to the boat’s captain. Should the driver fall out of the boat, the ECOS will immediately stop the boat’s engine. Wireless versions are also available for active captains.
Number 5—File a Float Plan!
Before departing from your dock of choice, file a float plan with friends, family members and/or your marina that communicates the names of everyone aboard with contact information including cell phone numbers; your destination with a planned itinerary and stops along the route; and your estimated return time. Should you fail to return as planned, your information will be readily accessible to facilitate any search activity.
Number 6 - Be a Weather Watcher!
Be smart and plan your boating activity according to weather forecasts and conditions. Check weather in advance and continually monitor using available mobile apps. Storms, lightning, changing tides, currents, winds and other inclement weather conditions can endanger the safety of boaters.
Should you be on a boat when mother nature unleashes her fury, find shelter as soon as possible. If your situation and plans change due to weather, be sure to contact those with whom you filed your float plan regarding plan modifications.
Number 7 - Pre-Departure Communication!
Before getting underway, make sure the captain has clearly communicated safety information and ground rules with all passengers, including children. This should include instructing everyone to remain seated at all times while the boat is underway, instruction regarding life jacket usage and throw cushion access, and appointing observers to help watch for oncoming boat traffic or to monitor watersports activities, among other pertinent details.
Number 8—Comply with Your Boat’s Capacity!
Every boat includes a designated maximum capacity rating. Be sure to know this requirement and to prevent overloading and potentially capsizing your boat. Consider not only the weight of passengers, but also gear, coolers, water toys and other carry-ons.
Number 9—Be Careful … Pay Attention!
A vast number of boating accidents are attributed to operator distraction or inattention. The designated driver needs to be vigilant and take responsibility for the safety of those on his vessel. Continually “sweep” the horizon and carefully watch and anticipate boating activity.
Number 10 – Choose Destinations Wisely!
If you’re new to boating with limited experience, don’t choose the busiest boating day of the year to travel to the most populated hotspot for boaters in the area. The ability to safely navigate and drop and set anchors and lines in confined spaces is exacerbated in close quarters. Choose a less congested venue, and save the popular boating hub for a more manageable outing.
Number 11 – Follow Posted Speed Limits and No Wake Zones!
Be aware of established speed limits and no wake zones, and respond accordingly. The fastest way to get a ticket and incur fines is to violate these laws, which are established to keep boaters safe.
Number 12 – Nighttime Boating Activity!
Holidays often feature fun events like firework shows and raft ups. While this can be a blast, there is additional danger associated with boating after sunset when visibility is restricted.
Boating traffic on the waterways, at area ramps and in marinas is often heavily congested during holiday events, so slow down and use extra precautions. Make sure all your navigation and running lights are operational. Avoid drinking alcohol, which can further impair your senses and visibility. Be extremely vigilant to watch for inexperienced boaters or those who may be operating under the influence.
BONUS TIP: Download the Coast Guard Boating Safety Mobile App!
If you want to know the latest safety regulations or navigation rules, need to access the weather report from the nearest NOAA buoys, or want to access boating safety information, download the Coast Guard boating safety mobile app available for free on iOS and Android devices: https://uscgboating.org/mobile